Mobility is central to our society’s economic prosperity and the well-being of the individual. However, negative externalities are also part of transportation. These effects are most pressing in the so-called Daily Urban Systems: the urbanized areas where people move for their daily needs. Here, the national infrastructure networks are the interface between long-distance transport and local last-mile transportation. To achieve a well-functioning interface a collaborative planning approach is needed: stakeholders in the field of infrastructure, mobility and spatial planning, must develop an integrated approach in order to optimize the performance of the transport networks and reduce the negative effects on its spatial surroundings. In order to address this challenge, CEDR launched the Research Call 2017 Collaborative Planning. The research proposal SPINdesign (SPace and INfrastructure design) was selected to elaborate the theme Planning and designing the interface between (trans)national road networks and local transportation. The research is expected to provide National Road Authorities (NRA’s) insights and specific tools for a collaborative planning approach of multi-modal infrastructure and spatial development.
The focus of the SPINdesign research is the interface of long-distance transport and last-mile transport. Across Europe, these sections of the motorway network seem to contain similar features:
- A motorway, previously build in more rural context with less mobility;
- The motorway is currently embedded in an urban context;
- The motorway is part of a corridor and accommodates transit traffic (“corridor mobility”) and at the same time is being used to a large degree by local and regional traffic;
- The area around the motorway is challenged by issues concerning air, noise, accessibility, barriers;
- The spatial context is in transformation: brownfield development, etc.;
- The interface as a whole (area + infrastructure) faces rapid changes in the field of mobility, logistics, etc.
SPINdesign puts practice-based research in the centre. The first phase consisted of an international quick scan of good practices where long-distance transport relates to last-mile transport. In the second phase, an abstraction of the tools and strategies being used in these good practices has been used to construct a preliminary toolbox. It contains a series of measures to address the challenges at the interface. The third phase consists of a series of six pilots across Europe in order to have a first expert judgment on the functioning and implementation value of the toolbox. Based on the experiences in the pilots, the toolbox will be adjusted and improved. The lessons taken from the pilots will be the basis for the Vision Document. This document will provide CEDR’s members strategies on how to improve the connection between long-distance and last mile, and on how NRA’s can combine and use the ‘basic’ solutions and measures for tailor-made